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Trinity Church Wall Street

Exterior view of Trinity Church Wall Street restored by MBB Architects

Rejuvenating a Lower Manhattan icon from the inside out, MBB helped Trinity Church Wall Street refocus its core building around worship and music—and become more sustainable. The six-year effort went beyond restoration, transforming the historic 1840s building and adjacent churchyard with accessibility, lighting, acoustic, and infrastructure upgrades as well as new clergy and visitor spaces that reflect the church’s humanistic values.


Starting with an intensive research process that engaged the Trinity Church community, our team developed a phased master plan to address decades of deferred maintenance and meet contemporary program and space needs. Quieter, more energy-efficient mechanical equipment and protective glazing result in improved acoustics in the sanctuary, enabling people to enjoy the full tonal richness of word, song, and music. The terraces and landscape surrounding the church were enhanced with accessible bluestone paths and a cantilevered steel-and-glass canopy to shelter liturgical processions.

Photo of Trinity Church Wall Street nave restored by MBB Architects
“Along with the quality of MBB’s work, I must commend the team for their dedication to listening, learning, adjusting, and designing creative solutions at every step of the way. It was a true joy and pleasure to partner with the firm.”
The Rev. Phillip A. Jackson, Rector Trinity Church Wall Street
Site plan of Trinity Church Wall Street by MBB Architects
Photo of new cantilevered glass canopy sheltering the new accessible south terrace at Trinity Church Wall Street, designed by MBB Architects.

Cantilevered freestanding canopy

“Invisibly integrating new technology into the historic structure and creating accessible spaces were among the most prominent focuses of the project."
Traditional Building, Dec. 2023
Photo of nave of Trinity Church Wall Street after restoration by MBB Architects
View of the east-facing side of Trinity Wall Street

MBB directed a large team of consultants to design and implement a comprehensive renovation plan that reconciles modern technology with respect for a historic landmark. The neo-Gothic building—the third church on this site since 1697—designed by Richard Upjohn, was systematically pieced back together with restored architecture and ornament, insulated walls and ceilings, new clerestory windows, an accessible chancel with modified altar and altarpiece, a new vestry room, reimagined sacristy and choir rooms, three new organs, new interior and exterior lighting, and concealed audio-visual equipment for the broadcast of services and concerts.


The renovation includes an intricate reconfiguration of the chancel—the elevated area surrounding the altar—to make the altar and pulpit accessible to all celebrants. Formerly stepped levels were replaced with a single, accessible level backed by the ornate Astor Reredos and a wall of brilliantly colored stained-glass panels that received off-site conservation treatment. The Church’s decision to reposition the marble altar in the center of the chancel, facing the congregation, prompted modifications to both the altar and the reredos to which it was formerly attached. A new ADA lift is tucked behind a pair of movable sedilia chairs. 


Above the nave’s restored brownstone arches, newly painted trompe l’oeil plaster walls simulate brownstone blocks, as in Upjohn’s original design. Stained glass windows are protected from the elements by unobtrusive, high-performance exterior glazing that also quiets the interior and reduces heating and cooling loads. Non-historic clerestory windows were replaced with new, contextually appropriate stained glass featuring a diamond quarry and trefoil pattern.


The formerly dark nave is softly illuminated by custom-designed, height-adjustable LED pendants as well as clerestory sconces that preserve the traditional ambiance, enabling people to read without glare. Beneath the reconstructed stone tile floor, a newly dug utility trench contains electrical conduits and A/V cabling which, along with theatrical lighting nestled among the clustered columns, supports the church’s renowned musical programs.


MBB redesigned back-of-house areas to live up to the church’s architectural gravitas. A new, high-ceilinged vestry room hosts clergy meetings in a formerly underutilized space behind the chancel. The new sacristy, a crucial link in the refocused worship experience, features custom wood cabinetry and a large central table around which clergy gather before services and begin their procession. Adjustable acoustic panels and a vaulted ceiling enhance the renovated choir practice room.


Exterior planning and design work includes the addition of a new west terrace and new loggia bay, matching the preexisting architecture, to shelter the northwest corner entrance. Our team also renovated the pedestrian bridge over Trinity Place. The verdant churchyard—an oasis in Lower Manhattan, resting place of New York luminaries like Robert Fulton and Alexander Hamilton—features improved landscaping, drainage and lighting. Along the south side of the church, a minimalist glass canopy is supported by hidden grade beams that span the historic burial vaults beneath the accessible new bluestone terrace.

Renovated music and choir practice room with operable acoustic wall panels

“Visitors from other churches are here often, remarking that our Sacristy is now the premier Sacristy in the United States, and I do agree with them.”
Scott Smith, Head Sacristan Trinity Church Wall Street


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Client: Trinity Church Wall Street

Construction Manager: Sciame Construction

Landscape Architect: Mathews Nielsen Landscape Architects

Restoration Consultant: Building Conservation Associates

Structural Engineer: Silman

MEP Engineer: AKF

Stained-Glass Restoration Consultant: Brianne Van Vorst, Liberty Stained Glass Conservation

Stained-Glass Expert: Drew Anderson, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Stained-Glass Artist: Thomas Denny

Stained Glass Installation Contractor: Femenella & Associates

Stained-Glass Restoration Contractors: Clagnan Stained Glass Studio; Northeast Stained Glass; Serpentino Stained Glass

Lighting Designer: Melanie Freundlich Lighting Design

Acoustic Consultant: Threshold Acoustics

Organ Design Consultant: Johnathon Ambrosino

Organ Acoustical Consultant: Kirkegaard Acoustic Design

Organ Designers and Fabricators: Orgelbau Glatter-Gotz; Richards, Fowkes & Co.

Historic Artwork Conservation: EverGreene Architectural Arts

Historic Millwork: Strauss-Creative Finishes

New Millwork Contractor: Zepsa Industries

Stone Restoration: Rugo Stone

Masonry Restoration Contractor: Integrated Conservation Contracting

Glass Awning Fabricator: Seele

Structural Glass Design Consultant: Eckersley O’ Callaghan

Electrical Contractor: B&G Electrical

Historic Paint Conservation: John Canning & Co.

Plaster and Paint Restoration: John Tiedemann

Cast-Iron Restoration: Robinson Iron